25 Moments in History That Changed the World

25 Moments in History That Changed the World

Over thousands of years, humanity has gone through revolutions that have transformed all kinds of social, political, economic, religious and ideological relationships. Of course, there are disagreements about when and how some big changes happened, but these 25 events have been DEFINITE in our history and you need to know them.

Agricultural Revolution: Between 11000 and 4000, before the Common Era (BCE), humans developed fundamental skills that enabled social development: agricultural cultivation, animal husbandry, and tool making.

• The first cities in history appear in “Mesopotamia” around 4000 BC and man’s sedentary organization is solidified.

• Also in “Mesopotamia” and Western Europe, the first wheeled vehicles appeared around 3500 BC.

• Writing is born: the earliest records of writing systems date back to 3200 BC. Some of these include cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia and the famous hieroglyphics in Egypt.

• In 2560 BCE, the ancient Egyptians built the Pyramids of Giza, where the famous Great Sphinx is located. Today, it is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.

• Around the 14th century BCE, the Phoenician alphabet of 22 images was born, which served as a basis for all others, including ours.

• The creation of the “Hammurabi Code” in the Babylonian dynasty became the first set of laws in history around 1792 to 1750 BC.

• The beginning of metallurgy in the 12th century BC marks a revolution in resource production as man learns to manipulate iron.

• The rise of Ancient Greece around 500-323 BC marked the emergence of the political divisions and models we know today, including the idea of ​​democracy.

• The rise and fall of Roman Civilization (753 BC) marked the birth of the idea of ​​the Republic. In the year 44 BC, the famous assassination of Emperor Julius Caesar by Brutus took place.

• Between 560 and 400 BC, “Buddhism”, one of the most popular religions in the world based on the teachings of Prince Siddhartha Gautama, who after religious enlightenment came to be known as Buddha Sakyamuni, was born.

• The wall of China began to be built in 221 BC after the unification of China under the rule of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

• In 45 BC in Italy, the modern calendar that gave rise to the time count we use today, emerges.

• Birth of Christianity after Christ’s death: Based on the Jewish belief in the coming of a Messiah, Jesus Christ is now regarded as the child of God, preaching, above all, love of neighbor and forgiveness. Thus is born not only the world’s largest religion, but also the historical event considered the most important of humanity, which profoundly changed human relations.

• Around 622, Islam was born, a religion based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims obey Allah and follow the precepts of the Quran.

• In 800, in China, came the invention of gunpowder and its use in armaments – an event that has definitely transformed power relations and wars.

• The world’s first university appeared in Bologna, Italy, in 1088.

• The First Crusade (1095-1099) punctuated the great conflict between Orthodox Christians and Muslims and a milestone in popular and political relations with religion, conquest, and division of territories.

• Construction of “Angkor Wat Temple”, Cambodia (1150). Today, it is the only remaining monument of Hindu representation, considered the oldest religion in the world.

Magna Carta: The document that marked the beginnings of Constitutionalism was published. In 1215, the Magna Carta began to restrict the power of the English kings.

• Marco Polo became famous in Europe, thanks to writings describing his trip to China. It was his book that inspired Christopher Columbus.

• Black Death: Between 1347 and 1348, Europe suffered the largest health crisis in history and a bubonic plague killed one-third of the population.

• In 1350 came the Renaissance, a period that marked European artistic and cultural innovation. Sandro Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” is one of the most characteristic paintings of the period.

• Mona Lisa: In 1504, Leonardo da Vinci painted the most famous painting in the world.

• Sistine Chapel: Between 1508 and 1512, Michelangelo painted what is today considered one of the most important artworks in human history.

About Daniel Harry

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