MENOPAUSE DEFINITION AND FACTS
Definition: it is defined as the consecutive absence of menstrual periods for 12 months. This period is characterized as the time the ovaries of a woman cease to function.
Menopause occurs as a gradual process. There are three phases of the menopause period, they are;
1- per menopause: this is the stage before the actual menopause, it is called the transition period and it is different for each woman.
2- menopause: the average age of menopause in women is 51years, but it may occur as early as 30 years in some women or late as 60 years in others.
3- Post menopause: this is used to refer to the time after menopause has occurred.
Signs and symptoms
As women get older, there are some signs they should look out for that signifies the start of menopause. Although, some women may experience few or no symptoms of menopause, while others may experience multiple physical symptoms. Some of the symptoms are highlighted below.
1- Irregular vaginal bleeding: this period if characterized by irregular menstrual periods. The cycles either get shorter or farther apart.
2- Hot flashes:
3- Night sweats
4- Emotional symptoms
5- Vaginal symptoms.
CAUSES OF EARLY MENOPAUSE
Some cases of early menopause are caused by certain medical conditions.
- Premature ovarian failure: premature ovarian failure is the cause of early menopause in at least 1% of women. This occurs when a woman reaches menopause before the age of 40.
- Cancer treatment: exposure to chemotherapy or radiation in treatment of women with cancer leads to menopause in some women. The effect could be during treatment or after treatment.
Menopause is a natural process, so there is no treatment for it. But the symptoms that come with menopause can be treated accordingly.
Note: Every symptom varies from one woman to the other. Some women experience menopause during their ageing period of 40 years – 50 years while some may have it prematurely.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, simply consult the doctor for proper checkup.